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NCJ Number: 182346 Find in a Library
Title: Developmental Disabilities, Trauma Exposure, and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
Journal: Trauma, Violence, and Abuse  Volume:1  Issue:2  Dated:April 2000  Pages:154-170
Author(s): Elana Newman; Samina R. Christopher; Judy O. Berry
Date Published: April 2000
Page Count: 17
Type: Literature Review
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article reviews the current scientific evidence regarding the rates of trauma exposure among individuals with developmental disabilities, the probable applicability of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among this group, and the scientific basis of clinical assessment.
Abstract: The research literature provides no definitive data regarding the relative prevalence of trauma exposure and PTSD in individuals with developmental disabilities compared to individuals without developmental disabilities. Epidemiological research needs to examine this issue in detail to establish the degree of the problem in this group, using validated measures, clear definitions of terms, and random sampling procedures. In addition, individuals with developmental disabilities may require special programs targeted for their needs, but these programs need to be created without misrepresenting the current scientific status of this area. Clinical evaluations should systematically assess individuals with developmental disabilities for trauma exposure and PTSD. Finally, research is needed that uses solid assessment tools, multimodal assessment, comparison groups, and clearly defined samples. Funding to support these efforts is necessary and should involve community-researcher collaborations. Chart, notes, author biographies, 5 suggested future readings, and 86 references
Main Term(s): Victims of violent crime
Index Term(s): Child abuse; Child abuse detection; Children at risk; Institutional child abuse; Institutional elder abuse; Mental defectives; Persons with cognitive disabilities; Post-trauma stress disorder (PTSD); Psychological victimization effects; Violence causes
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