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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 182360 Find in a Library
Title: Therapeutic Communities in Prisons and Work Release: Effective Modalities for Drug-Involved Offenders
Author(s): James A. Inciardi; Steven S. Martin; Hilary L. Surratt
Corporate Author: University of Delaware
Ctr for Drug and Alcohol Studies
United States of America
Date Published: 1999
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
University of Delaware
Newark, DE 19711
Grant Number: DA06124;DA06948;97-RT-VX-K004
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: After describing the phases of Delaware's drug treatment for offenders in therapeutic communities (TCs), this report presents evaluation findings regarding program outcomes.
Abstract: Delaware's TC drug treatment program consists of a continuum of primary (in prison), secondary (work release), and tertiary (aftercare) treatment that corresponds to sentence mandates. The outcome data presented in this report show that clients who completed secondary treatment (some of whom also completed primary treatment) were significantly more likely than those with no treatment or those who dropped out of treatment to remain drug-free and arrest-free 3 years after release from prison. In addition, preliminary analyses of data now available on clients who received tertiary treatment (a TC aftercare program implemented in 1996) suggest that treatment graduates who participate in aftercare programming surpass treatment graduates who do not receive continuing care in terms of remaining drug-free and arrest-free at 42 months. These results provide continuing support for the beneficial effects of participation in institutional, transitional, and community TC treatment for drug-involved offenders. 1 table, 2 figures, and 11 references
Main Term(s): Drug treatment programs
Index Term(s): Delaware; Inmate drug treatment; NIJ grant-related documents; Treatment effectiveness; Treatment techniques; Treatment/Therapeutic Community
Note: For publication in Barbara Rawlings and Rowdy Yates (eds.), "Therapeutic Communities for Drug Users," London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers
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