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NCJ Number: 182391 Find in a Library
Title: UK Policy (From Illegal Drug Use in the United Kingdom: Prevention, Treatment and Enforcement, P 15-26, 1999, Cameron Stark, Brian A. Kidd, et al., eds. -- See NCJ-182389)
Author(s): Brian A. Kidd; Roger A. D. Sykes
Date Published: 1999
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: Ashgate
Brookfield, VT 05036
Sale Source: Ashgate
Old Post Rd
Brookfield, VT 05036
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Description
Format: Book (Hardbound)
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: Many diverse factors have influenced the evolution of policy regarding the treatment of persons with drug-related problems in the United Kingdom.
Abstract: In recent years, three main models of drug-related problems and their development have come to the fore: (1) society's model, a relatively simplistic view of drug problems and the means by which these problems may be tackled; (2) psychological models, the backbone of counseling for drug users; and (3) medical (disease) models that emphasize biological processes in addiction. A historical review of drug abuse and drug policy in the United Kingdom covers the 1900-1961 period when opiate addiction was defined as a medical problem, the 1961-1982 period that was characterized by escalating drug use and restriction to specialist treatments, and the 1982-1998 period in which the involvement of general practitioners was encouraged. The most recent policy developments involve a wide range of professionals from statutory and voluntary sectors with improved structures to deal with drug problems and to allow planning at the local level while maintaining a national focus on standards and quality. Specific laws enacted and drug policies established between 1920 and 1995 are briefly described. 21 references
Main Term(s): Drug Policy
Index Term(s): Crime in foreign countries; Drug abuse in foreign countries; Drug dependence; Drug law enforcement; Drug regulation; Drug use; Foreign crime prevention; Foreign laws; United Kingdom (UK)
Note: DCC
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