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NCJ Number: 182496 Find in a Library
Title: Toward a Neocolonial Model of Adolescent Crime and Violence
Journal: Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice  Volume:16  Issue:2  Dated:May 2000  Pages:157-170
Author(s): Becky L. Tatum
Date Published: May 2000
Page Count: 14
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article presents a theoretical framework that addresses the limitations of mainstream structural theories and the colonial model in explaining high rates of crime and violence among black youths.
Abstract: Two traditional structural explanations for high concentrations of crime and delinquency are social disorganization and strain theories. However, these theories have four theoretical limitations. Recent revisions of traditional structural explanations have addressed some of these limitations. The colonial model describes how the process of colonialization affects the structural and cultural status of minority individuals. This model’s logic also has flaws. An alternative model is a neocolonial model that analyzes the effects of race, social class, and the interactive effects of these variables on structural experiences and that illustrates how these factors affect attitudes and behaviors. The model makes both intergroup and intragroup comparisons and posits that lower-class black youth, especially males, are at the greatest risk of selecting violent and criminal responses. The neocolonial model is an individual-level theory. Further research should consider the possible expansion of the model for macrolevel analysis. Notes and 68 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Black/African Americans; Crime causes theory; Cultural influences; Economic influences; Models; Race-crime relationships; Racial discrimination; Social classes
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