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NCJ Number: 182696 Find in a Library
Title: Youth Violence in the City: The Role of Educational Interventions
Journal: Health Education and Behavior  Volume:25  Issue:2  Dated:April 1998  Pages:175-192
Author(s): Michael B. Greene Ph.D.
Date Published: April 1998
Page Count: 18
Type: Literature Review
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Interpersonal violence is a major cause of ill health in urban communities and a significant social and political problem that requires violence prevention strategies that start with a needs assessment of local needs and resources, including an understanding of strategies used by youth and families use to cope with potential and actual violence.
Abstract: Interpersonal violence is a complex phenomenon that varies by type, etiology, context, and severity. Youth are overrepresented as both victims and perpetrators of violence. Practitioners and researchers agree that the most effective programs are comprehensive and integrated and incorporate multiple strategies at multiple levels in multiple settings. Disagreement exists about what types of initiative to fund and where to implement the initiatives. Four types of educational strategies to reduce youth violence are training in conflict management skills, youth-oriented programs, psychoeducational strategies, and family-based educational strategies. Each approach has strengths and weaknesses. Obstacles to overcome in adopting such approaches are their enormous cost and the tremendous variation in local conditions. The first step is to conduct a thorough needs assessment, with emphasis on the strengths and creativity among parents and youth who are coping under adverse conditions, the nature of the violence to which young people are exposed, the specific norm-driven and individual-driven triggers that lead to violent confrontations. These efforts also need to benefit from the human capital in inner cities by engaging adolescents and parents in purposeful, meaningful, and regular activities that allow prosocial opportunities and address their material circumstances. 117 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prevention
Index Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile victims; Program planning; Services effectiveness; Urban criminality; Violence causes; Violence prevention
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=182696

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