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NCJ Number: 182710 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Effective Model of Prison-Based Treatment for Drug-Involved Offenders
Journal: Journal of Drug Issues  Volume:27  Issue:2  Dated:Spring 1997  Pages:261-278
Author(s): James A. Inciardi; Steven S. Martin; Clifford A. Butzin; Robert M. Hooper; Lana D. Harrison
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: DA06124;DA06948;
Type: Program/Project Description
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the effectiveness of a multistage therapeutic community (TC) for imprisoned drug-involved offenders.
Abstract: A multistage therapeutic community treatment system has been instituted in the Delaware correctional system, and its effectiveness has captured the attention of the National Institutes of Health, the Department of Justice, members of Congress, and the White House. Treatment occurs in a three-stage system, with each phase corresponding to the client's changing correctional status: incarceration, work release, and parole. In this study, 18-month follow-up data were analyzed for those who received treatment in a prison-based TC only, a work-release TC followed by aftercare, and the prison-based TC followed by the work release TC and aftercare. These groups were compared with a no-treatment group. Those who received treatment in the two-stage (work release and aftercare) and three-stage (prison, work release, and aftercare) models had significantly lower rates of drug relapse and criminal recidivism, even when adjusted for other risk factors. The results support the effectiveness of a multistage therapeutic community model for drug-involved offenders, as well as the importance of a work release transitional TC as a component of this model. 1 table, 5 figures, and 45 references
Main Term(s): Drug treatment programs
Index Term(s): Delaware; Drug treatment; Inmate drug treatment; Treatment effectiveness; Treatment techniques; Treatment/Therapeutic Community; Work release
Note: DCC
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