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NCJ Number: 182811 Find in a Library
Title: Caribbean Sovereignty and the War on Drugs: Historical Factors and Current Perspectives
Journal: Caribbean Journal of Criminology and Social Psychology  Volume:4  Issue:1/2  Dated:January/July 1999  Pages:71-84
Author(s): Robert J. McCormack
Date Published: 1999
Page Count: 14
Type: Historical Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Trinidad and Tobago
Annotation: This study addresses issues related to national sovereignty in the Caribbean.
Abstract: It presents a brief historical overview of the process of colonization, slavery, miscegenation, and independence in the area, as well as the development of what Franklin W. Knight calls "distinctively artificial societies." The author further explores instances of loss of sovereignty as a result of direct intervention (occupation by force) by the United States over the past century and the heavy-handed co-optation ("carrot and stick" exploitation) currently being practiced to support its "zero tolerance" drug policies at home. The study also examines the real and significant increases in drugs and drug trafficking in the Caribbean in recent years and the impact these factors may have on U.S.-Caribbean relations and on crime and social stability in the area. Also, the possibility of loss of sovereignty as a result of intrusion of transnational criminal organizations and the development of "narco-states" is explored. The study concludes that it is inevitable that the United States will maintain a strong, intrusive presence in the Caribbean in the foreseeable future; and drug trafficking, even within countries that have joined in the interdiction programs, will continue and perhaps increase, particularly if the demand for narcotics in the United States intensifies. 3 notes and 9 references
Main Term(s): Drug Policy
Index Term(s): Drug smuggling; Foreign drug law enforcement; International drug law enforcement; West Indies
Note: DCC
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