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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 183015 Find in a Library
Title: Youth Gangs in Schools
Series: OJJDP Youth Gang Series
Author(s): James C. Howell Ph.D.; James P. Lynch Ph.D.
Corporate Author: Institute for Intergovernmental Research
United States of America
Date Published: August 2000
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: Institute for Intergovernmental Research
Tallahassee, FL 32317
Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 95-JD-MU-K001
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: HTML|PDF
Type: Survey
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This survey found that gangs were very prevalent in schools, with 37 percent of students surveyed in the 1995 School Crime Supplement (SCS) reporting gangs in their schools.
Abstract: Eligible respondents to the SCS were between 12 and 19 years of age and had attended school at some point during the 6 months prior to the interview. Respondents were asked about their victimization experiences during the last 6 months and whether the crime occurred at school during the 6 months prior to the interview. The 37 percent who reported gangs in their schools included nearly two-thirds of Hispanic students, almost half of black students, and one-third of white students. Students in middle to late adolescence who lived in households with incomes of less than $7,500 and who had been personally victimized were most likely to report gang presence. These students were most likely to attend public schools in cities with populations between 100,000 and 1 million. The largely urban schools employed a large number of security measures, had high rates of victimization, and were places where drugs were readily available. The most criminally active gangs were reported by both male and female students between 15 and 17 years of age. Students reported that most gangs they saw in schools were actively involved in criminal activities, and gangs significantly contributed to school-related victimization. 13 references, 5 endnotes, and 9 tables
Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
Index Term(s): Black/African Americans; Crime in schools; Hispanic Americans; OJJDP grant-related documents; School security; Students; Urban criminality; Victimization surveys
Note: OJJDP Juvenile Justice Bulletin
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