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NCJ Number: 183150 Find in a Library
Title: Criminal Victimization in a Postmaterialist World: A Cross-Cultural Model (From International Criminal Justice: Issues in a Global Perspective, P 272-287, 2000, Delbert Rounds, ed. -- See NCJ-183129)
Author(s): Shivu Ishwaran
Date Published: 2000
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: Allyn and Bacon, Inc
Needham Heights, MA 02194-2310
Sale Source: Allyn and Bacon, Inc
Publicity Manager
160 Gould Street
Needham Heights, MA 02194-2310
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Book (Hardbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper examines the extent to which cultural values influence indices of crime; it reviews several prominent conceptions of culture, with attention to Ronald Inglehart's (1971) conception of a postmaterialist society.
Abstract: Studies based on cultural values and crime are far fewer than those that rely on objective structural variables; however, recent comparative research such as the World Values Survey and the International Crime Survey offer a unique opportunity to test the influence of cultural values on victimization rates. This paper discusses the theoretical framework that can situate criminological theory in the context of cultural values. Perhaps one of the most influential and extensively documented theories of value change in recent years can be found in the field of political science. Ronald Inglehart has proposed that under conditions of sustained economic security, values tend to shift from a materialistic concern for material well-being and physical security to a postmaterialistic emphasis on higher order needs such as empowerment, self-expression, and quality of life. This paper shows that Inglehart's theory of postmaterialism presents a number of intriguing implications for traditional criminology and further indicates the benefits of theoretical convergences. Path analysis and multivariate techniques uncover significant relationships between postmaterialism, criminogenic forces, and criminal victimization. The discussion concludes by suggesting notable implications of postmaterialism for criminal justice systems and crime prevention schemes. 3 figures and 26 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Crime causes theory; Cultural influences; Moral development; Public Opinion of Crime
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