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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 183223 Find in a Library
Title: Measuring Peer Pressure, Popularity, and Conformity in Adolescent Boys and Girls: Predicting School Performance, Sexual Attitudes, and Substance Abuse
Journal: Journal of Youth and Adolescence  Volume:29  Issue:2  Dated:April 2000  Pages:163-182
Author(s): Darcy A. Santor; Deanna Messervey; Vivek Kusumakar
Date Published: April 2000
Page Count: 20
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study evaluates measures of peer pressure and peer conformity for adolescents and the degree to which those constructs are related to well-being and risk behaviors.
Abstract: Existing measures of peer pressure and conformity may not be suitable for efficiently screening large numbers of adolescents, and few studies have differentiated peer pressure from theoretically related constructs such as conformity or wanting to be popular. This study developed and validated short measures of peer pressure, peer conformity, and popularity in a sample (n = 148) of adolescent boys and girls in grades 11 to 13. All measures constructed for the study were internally consistent. Although all measures of peer pressure, conformity and popularity were intercorrelated, peer pressure and peer conformity were stronger predictors of risk behaviors than measures assessing popularity, general conformity or dysphoria. Both peer pressure and peer conformity can be measured with short scales suitable for large-scale testing. Tables, appendix, references
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Behavior patterns; Behavioral science research; Instrument validation; Peer assessment; Peer influences on behavior; Risk taking behavior; Studies; Testing and measurement
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