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NCJ Number: 183235 Find in a Library
Title: Further Exploration of the Demeanor Hypothesis: The Interaction Effects of Suspects' Characteristics and Demeanor on Police Behavior
Journal: Justice Quarterly  Volume:17  Issue:2  Dated:June 2000  Pages:235-258
Author(s): Robin S. Engel; James J. Sobol; Robert E. Worden
Date Published: June 2000
Page Count: 24
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examines the interaction effects of suspects’ characteristics and demeanor on police behavior.
Abstract: Research and analysis has supported the hypothesis that suspects’ demeanor affects police behavior. However, no analysis has considered the possible interaction effect of demeanor with other extralegal variables. This study used systematic observational data collected in 24 police departments in three metropolitan areas to examine whether demeanor and suspects’ characteristics interact, and ultimately produce differential patterns of citation, arrest, and the use of force. These estimated interaction effects provide a clearer understanding of the effect of demeanor in different contexts. More important, they acknowledge that officers accept some forms of disrespect but not others, depending on factors outside demeanor alone. The study compared the main effects of demeanor across types of encounters and few hypothesized interactions were confirmed by the empirical results. Finally, there was little evidence that the effect of a suspect’s demeanor on police behavior was sensitive to the suspect’s race, sex, or age, or on the visibility of the encounter or the seriousness of the offense. Notes, tables, references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Behavior patterns; Behavioral science research; Interpersonal relations; Offenders; Police attitudes; Police policies and procedures; Police-offender relations; Studies; Theory
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