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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 183327 Find in a Library
Title: Epidemiology of Injuries Among Women After Physical Assaults: The Role of Self-Protective Behaviors
Journal: American Journal of Epidemiology  Volume:150  Issue:3  Dated:1999  Pages:235-244
Author(s): Martie P. Thompson; Thomas R. Simon; Linda E. Saltzman; James A. Mercy
Date Published: 1999
Page Count: 10
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study used data from the National Crime Victimization Survey, 1992-95, to test the association between injury risk and self-protective behaviors by women, while controlling for victim, offender, and crime-related characteristics.
Abstract: Unlike in prior studies, the current study used a self-protective behavior measure that accounted for the temporal sequencing of the occurrence of injuries and self-protective behaviors. The study also examined whether the effect of self-protective behaviors varied as a function of victim-offender relationship status. The sample included 3,206 incidents in which females were physically assaulted by a lone male offender within the previous 6 months. Multivariate results revealed that women who used self-protective measures were less likely to be injured than were women who did not use self-protective measures or who did so only after being injured. The effect of self-protective behaviors on risk of injury did not vary as a function of the victim-offender relationship. The inverse association found between self-protective behaviors and injury risk differed from those of previous studies. Owing to inconsistent findings across studies, caution should be used when making recommendations to women regarding whether or not they should use self-protective behaviors during a physical assault. 3 tables and 15 references
Main Term(s): Female victims
Index Term(s): Domestic assault; Self defense; Victim medical assistance; Victim reactions to crime; Victims of violent crime
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