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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 183338 Find in a Library
Title: Prevention Validation and Accounting Platform: A Framework for Establishing Accountability and Performance Measures of Substance Abuse Prevention Programs
Journal: Journal of Drug Education  Volume:30  Issue:1  Dated:2000  Pages:1-143
Author(s): Sehwan Kim Ph.D.; Jonnie H. McLeod M.D.; Charles Williams Ph.D.; Nancy Hepler Ph.D.
Date Published: 2000
Page Count: 143
Type: Test/Measurement
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This volume examines how to establish the accountability and performance measures of substance abuse prevention programs and transform the field of prevention into prevention science; it also accelerates the processes of this transformation by identifying the requisite components of the transformation and by introducing an open forum called, Prevention Validation and Accounting (PREVA) Platform.
Abstract: The entire PREVA Platform is designed as an analytical framework, which is formulated by a collection of common concepts, terminologies, accounting units, protocols for counting the units, data elements, and the operation of various constructs, as well as other summary measures intended to achieve an efficient and effective measurement of process input, program capacity, process output, performance outcome, and the societal impact of substance abuse prevention programs. The measurement units and summary data elements are designed to be measured across time and across jurisdictions. In the Platform, the process input is captured by two dimensions of time and capital. Program capacity is captured by 14 measurement units, tapping into the dimensions of staff resources and community assets. The totality of process output from all sources of program activities is reduced to 18 classes of measures. For the measurement of performance outcomes, two types of data are incorporated into the Platform: outcome data from individuals and the behavior or performance of social indicators from aggregated databases. The long-term outcomes capture the behavioral dimensions of substance use, the actual use in terms of intensity/frequency of use. Finally, the social impact is measured by social indicator data to reflect the overall impact of substance abuse prevention programs in the community at large. The selection of terminologies, data elements on individuals, and the social indicators are based on an extensive review of literature on the type of data prevention researchers and policymakers use most often. An eclectic use of both of these types of data is essential for the general accounting of substance abuse prevention, performance outcomes, and for the eventual transformation of the field of prevention into prevention science. 6 figures, 11 tables, and 178 references
Main Term(s): Drug prevention programs
Index Term(s): Accountability; Effectiveness of crime prevention programs; Evaluation measures; Performance requirements
Note: DCC
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