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NCJ Number: 183624 Find in a Library
Title: Young Black Americans and the Criminal Justice System (From States of Confinement: Policing, Detention, and Prisons, P 75-84, 2000, Joy James, ed. -- See NCJ-183621)
Author(s): Marc Mauer
Date Published: 2000
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: St. Martin's Press
New York, NY 10010
Type: Collected Work
Format: Book (Hardbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The current disproportionately high arrest and sentencing rates for young blacks in the United States attest to the gravity of the criminal justice crisis facing the black community, especially in the case of drug offenses.
Abstract: In addition to a steady 25-year increase in criminal justice populations, the impact of current "get tough" policies in particular suggests continuing increases in criminal justice control rates and racially disparate impacts. While debate will continue on the degree to which the criminal justice system overall contributes to racial disparities, there is increasing evidence that policies and practices contained in the "war on drugs" have represented a disaster for young blacks and other minorities. Drug arrest policies since the 1980's have disproportionately affected blacks and other minorities, first through greatly increased numbers of drug arrests and second through increased rates of minority drug arrests. Research indicates there are racial effects of law enforcement practices, prosecution, and sentencing policies related to drug law offenses. Because a significant number of black males have come under criminal justice supervision as a result of drug offenses, the author questions current drug policies and instead recommends creating prospects for young blacks based on productive employment and social supports. 20 notes
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Black/African Americans; Drug law enforcement; Drug law offenses; Drug Policy; Drug regulation; Minorities; Minority juvenile offenders; Racial discrimination; Sentencing disparity; Young Adults (18-24)
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