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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 183664 Find in a Library
Title: Prevalence of Sexual Abuse and Its Impact on the Onset of Drug Use Among Adolescents in Therapeutic Community Drug Treatment
Journal: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse  Volume:9  Issue:3  Dated:2000  Pages:35-49
Author(s): Josephine M. Hawke; Nancy Jainchill; George De Leon
Date Published: 2000
Page Count: 15
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Data from 938 adolescents admitted to residential therapeutic communities for the treatment of drug abuse and related disorders were analyzed to determine the prevalence of victimization by sexual abuse in this population.
Abstract: Approximately one-third of the subjects reported histories of sexual abuse. The prevalence was 64 percent among females and 24 percent among males. A history of sexual abuse correlated with several social, behavioral, and psychological characteristics of individuals at entry to treatment. These characteristics included greater drug use, more severe psychopathology, family drug use, and more deviant peer associations. Cox regression analyses also revealed that a history of sexual abuse was related to earlier onset of alcohol and illicit drug use. One explanation of the findings is the self-medication hypothesis, which states that drug use functions to relieve feelings of depression and poor self-esteem, which often accompany victimization by child abuse. Tables and 36 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Drug abuse causes
Index Term(s): Abused children; Abused-nonabused child comparisons; Child abuse as delinquency factor; Child Sexual Abuse; Juvenile drug abusers; Juvenile drug treatment; Juvenile drug use; Psychological victimization effects
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