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NCJ Number: 184030 Find in a Library
Title: Early Transition Stages and Heterogeneity in Criminal Careers Among Young Offenders
Journal: Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology  Volume:36  Issue:2  Dated:May 1999  Pages:157-177
Author(s): Bruce L. Arnold; Fiona M. Kay
Date Published: May 1999
Page Count: 21
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: This Canadian study examined distinctive patterns of police contacts among heterogeneous subpopulations of youths in the early transition stages of their criminal careers.
Abstract: The authors argue that research which focuses on heterogeneity and the initial transition stages of criminality can provide insights into behavioral dynamics previously overlooked in the study of the onset and development of criminal careers. Using computerized police archival data from a large western Canadian city, the study used event history survival models to estimate patterns of onset and persistence for delinquent careers over 6-month intervals in the early stages of police contact. The results provide strong evidence of meaningful short-term change in offending among multiple levels of youth subgroups. Some youths apparently offend only briefly and then desist, and others continue offending and at a higher rate; however, there also appear to be patterns of heterogeneity within as well as between these subgroups of young offenders during the early stages of criminal careers. This paper concludes by identifying legal and social contingencies that may potentially influence events and turning points that constitute the processes common to criminal careers. 5 tables and 69 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile to adult criminal careers
Index Term(s): Foreign criminal justice research; Juvenile crime patterns; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile offenders
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