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NCJ Number: 184126 Find in a Library
Title: Psychological Impact of Custody on the Aboriginal Adolescent
Journal: Psychiatry, Psychology and Law  Volume:7  Issue:1  Dated:2000  Pages:89-96
Author(s): Geoffrey Troth; Jessica Grainger
Date Published: 2000
Page Count: 8
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: This study took place in New South Wales, Australia, and examined the psychological impact of custody on 39 Aboriginal and 42 non-Aboriginal male adolescent offenders ages 12-18 years.
Abstract: The participants were from the New South Wales Department of Juvenile Justice. Assessment occurred through voluntary individual interviews. The research focused on anxiety, depression, hopelessness, locus of control, self-efficacy belief, and coping or problem beliefs. Results indicated that Aboriginal adolescents experienced a greater sense of anxiety about custody than did non-Aboriginal adolescents. The level of anxiety experienced appeared related to anxiety beliefs regarding their experience of custody and a significantly high level of negative beliefs about custody. Aboriginal adolescents also had poorer coping skills likened to lower self-efficacy and more external locus of control than did non-Aboriginal adolescents. Findings indicated a significant difference in the experience of custody between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal adolescents in both mood and coping. Findings also suggested the potential usefulness of developing culturally sensitive programs that assist in the reduction of anxiety and a more comprehensive induction and supervision process for Aboriginal adolescents in custody. Tables and 30 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Juvenile inmate attitudes
Index Term(s): Aborigines; Adjustment to prison; Effects of imprisonment; Foreign juvenile delinquency; Juvenile correctional reform; Male juvenile delinquents; New South Wales
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