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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 184167 Find in a Library
Title: Mental Health and Incarcerated Youth. I: Prevalence and Nature of Psychopathology
Journal: Journal of Child and Family Studies  Volume:8  Issue:2  Dated:June 1999  Pages:193-204
Author(s): D. Lanette Atkins M.D.; Andres J. Pumariega M.D.; Kenneth Rogers M.D.; Larry Montgomery M.D.; Cheryl Nybro Ph.D.; Gary Jeffers; Franklin Sease B.S.
Date Published: June 1999
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: Fullerton Foundation
Gaffney, SC
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the prevalence of psychopathology and level of behavioral symptomatology in incarcerated youth compared with youth who were receiving community mental health services or hospitalization.
Abstract: Researchers randomly recruited youth from middle South Carolina served by a local community mental health center (n=60), youth served by the State adolescent inpatient program (n=50), and youth in State juvenile justice facilities from the same region (n=75). The study used the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (DISC), version 2.3 to evaluate DSM-III-R diagnoses. The Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and Youth Self-Report (YSR) were used to evaluate behavioral symptomatology. On the DISC, incarcerated youth had a significantly higher mean number of diagnoses and symptoms compared to youth being served in the community mental health center, but lower numbers than hospitalized youth. Level of "caseness" (at least one diagnosis) was 86 percent in hospitalized youth, 72 percent in incarcerated youth, and 60 percent in youth served by the community mental health center. The groups differed in CBCL mean total T, internalizing T, and externalizing T scores, as well as mean YSR internalizing T scores. The results show the comparability in level of psychopathology in incarcerated and community-treated populations of youth, suggesting the need to develop diversionary programs to prevent the entry of such youth into the juvenile justice system. 5 tables and 30 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile mental health services
Index Term(s): Community-based corrections (juvenile); Comparative analysis; Emotional disorders; Juvenile inmates; Mental disorders; Psychological evaluation
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