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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 184360 Find in a Library
Title: Invisible Institution and Black Youth Crime: The Church as an Agency of Local Social Control
Journal: Journal of Youth and Adolescence  Volume:29  Issue:4  Dated:August 2000  Pages:479-498
Author(s): Byron R. Johnson; Sung Joon Jang Ph.D.; Spencer De Li Ph.D.; David Larson
Editor(s): Daniel Offer
Date Published: August 2000
Page Count: 20
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The authors examined the degree to which an individual's religious involvement significantly mediated and buffered the effects of neighborhood disorder on youth crime.
Abstract: To study the effects of religion, the analysis was based on the fifth wave of data from the National Youth Survey, focusing on black respondents given the historical and contemporary significance of the African-American church for blacks. Results from estimating a series of regression models indicated that the effects of neighborhood disorder on crime among black youth were partially mediated by an individual's religious involvement (measured by the frequency of attending religious services) and that the involvement of black youth in religious institutions significantly buffered or interacted with the effects of neighborhood disorder on crime and on serious crime in particular. Theoretical and methodological implications of the study findings are briefly discussed. An appendix contains descriptive statistics on variables and items used in the analysis. 53 references, 3 tables, and 2 figures
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency research
Index Term(s): Black/African Americans; Juvenile delinquency factors; Minority juvenile offenders; Religion
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