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NCJ Number: 184531 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Implementing Community Prosecution in Montgomery County, Maryland
Journal: Prosecutor  Volume:34  Issue:4  Dated:July/August 2000  Pages:30-34
Author(s): Douglas F. Gansler
Date Published: 2000
Page Count: 5
Sponsoring Agency: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Description
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The Montgomery County State's Attorney's Office (Maryland) has become the first prosecutor's office in the United States to fully implement a new theory and practice of government law enforcement called community prosecution.
Abstract: Community prosecution, although a departure from a traditional prosecution model, is not a new "program." Rather, it is a philosophy. The philosophy emerged from a recognition that the lack of direct involvement by prosecutors in the community, when combined with an arrest-generated, case-oriented approach, produced an inefficient allocation of criminal justice resources in Montgomery County. To address this situation, effective July 6, 1999, the entire prosecutor's office staff was reorganized according to geographical lines. All attorneys, while maintaining their centrally located office, are now assigned to one of the five police districts, with staffing proportionate to the number of cases in each of the districts. Each team also includes attorneys who specialize, respectively, in juvenile crime, family violence, and economic crime. Prosecutors handle cases only in their districts, which produces more effective individual case prosecution within specific beats in the police district. Each of the five team leaders sits on the police-citizen advisory board for the district. A prosecutor from each team acts as a liaison with each police beat and each of the more than 200 schools in the community. Prosecutors' familiarity with the needs and crime problems of a given geographical district, developed in consultation with community leaders and police, enables them to solve problems in partnership with the community. Issues in evaluating the effectiveness of community prosecution are discussed.
Main Term(s): Court management
Index Term(s): Community involvement; Maryland; Organization development; Organizational theories; Prosecution; Prosecution model
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