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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 184710 Find in a Library
Title: Gender and the Accomplishment of Street Robbery (From Constructions of Deviance, P 502-520, 2000, Patricia A. Adler and Peter Adler, eds. -- See NCJ-184705)
Author(s): Jody Miller
Date Published: 2000
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: Wadsworth Publishing Co
Belmont, CA 94002
Sale Source: Wadsworth Publishing Co
Ten Davis Drive
Belmont, CA 94002
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This research compared the experiences of male and female robbers active in an urban underclass environment, so as to expand understanding of women's use of violence in nondomestic street settings.
Abstract: The study was based on semistructured in-depth interviews with 37 active street robbers. The sample included 14 women and a comparative sample of 23 men, matched approximately by age and age at first robbery. Respondents were recruited on the streets through the use of "snowball" sampling in impoverished urban neighborhoods in St. Louis. The most notable finding from the study was the incongruity between motivations and execution of robbery. Although a comparison of women's and men's motivations to commit robbery showed gender similarities, when women and men actually committed robbery, their enactments of the crime were strikingly different. These differences highlight the clear gender hierarchy that exists on the streets. Although some women were able to carve out a niche for themselves in this setting and even establish partnerships with men, they were participating in a male-dominated environment, and their actions reflected an understanding of this. To successfully accomplish robberies, women must take into account the gendered nature of their environment. One way they did this was by targeting other females. When women robbed men, they did so by flirting and appearing sexually interested in them. Unlike women's robberies of other women, when women robbed men they tended not to use physical force but did use guns. 11 notes and 18 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Criminal methods; Gender issues; Male female offender comparisons; Missouri; Robbery; Violent females
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