skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 184719 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Violations of Probation Release Conditions and Criminal Recidivism
Author(s): Claire C. Souryal
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 211
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
Grant Number: 96-IJ-CK-0011
Sale Source: UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Dissertation/Thesis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined whether violations of release conditions "signal" criminal recidivism during probation supervision.
Abstract: Two statistical tests were developed to test such a "signaling" hypothesis by using data from 10 sites involved in the RAND Corporation's evaluation of intensive supervision programs. Logistic regression models were first estimated to assess whether technical violation charges predicted arrest during community supervision, adjusting for demographic, criminal history, supervision intensity, and community factors related to recidivism, as well as the possibility of confinement during the 1-year follow-up period. Technical violation charges were associated with a decrease in the probability of arrest rather than an increase in the probability of arrest as the "signaling" hypothesis would suggest. A series of multinomial logistic regression models were estimated next to explore whether technical violation charges and arrests appeared to be manifestations of the same underlying propensity to offend consistent with a generality-of-deviance understanding of the "signaling" hypothesis. Results of the analyses showed that technical-violation charges and arrests were not apparently generated by the same underlying process. Probation policies grounded in the "signaling" hypothesis (e.g., policies that seek to protect public safety by revoking the community supervision status of probationers who violate release conditions) should therefore be carefully evaluated. In view of the substantial cost of revocation to corrections systems and the questionable impact of such a policy on public safety, the results of this study support the increased use of intermediate sanctions (short of revocation) to respond to probationer noncompliance. 28 tables, 20 figures, and 113 references
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Probation casework; Probation conditions; Probation violations; Recidivism causes; Recidivism prediction
Note: University of Maryland at Collge Park, Doctor of Philosophy
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.