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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 184881 Find in a Library
Title: Community Courts: Prospects and Limits
Journal: National Institute of Justice Journal  Issue:231  Dated:August 1996  Pages:46-51
Series: NIJ Journal
Author(s): David B. Rottman Ph.D.
Date Published: August 1996
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Description
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The examples of "Peacemaking" in the Navajo Nation's court system and the Midtown Community Court and Red Hook Community Justice Center in New York City are discussed as touchstones for exploring the possibilities of community-focused courts.
Abstract: In the Navajo Nation, peacemaking derives its authority from the community, as manifested by extended families and clan membership of disputants and peacemakers. Peacemakers are selected by disputants from individuals so designated in their local areas. Peacemaking depends on and reinforces the complex matrix of ties and responsibilities woven into the larger Navajo community by clan, kinship, and tradition. The Midtown Community Court exemplifies the renewed interest in bringing high-volume, short-duration criminal cases back to communities through satellite and branch courts. The community is viewed as having a major stake in how well the court adjudicates cases involving quality-of-life crime. The Red Hook Community Justice Center is designed as a justice center that significantly expands traditional notions about the role of courts and that focuses on specific kinds of disputes common in Red Hook. The future of community courts is discussed. 12 notes and 1 photograph
Main Term(s): Courts
Index Term(s): Alternative dispute settlement; American Indians; Community involvement; Indian affairs; Indian justice; Neighborhood justice centers; New York; Tribal court system
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