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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 184900 Find in a Library
Title: Getting Rid of Troublemakers: High School Disciplinary Procedures and the Production of Dropouts (From Sociology of Juvenile Delinquency, Second Edition, P 242-149, 1996, Ronald J. Berger, ed. -- See NCJ-184895)
Author(s): Christine Bowditch
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: Nelson-Hall Publishers
Chicago, IL 60606
Sale Source: Nelson-Hall Publishers
111 North Canal Street
Chicago, IL 60606
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This ethnographic study explores the school-dropout issue through an application of labeling and related theoretical perspectives.
Abstract: The study examines how routine administrative decisions and actions affect a student's passage through high school and how labeling may produce additional deviance by cutting off access to legitimate resources and opportunities. The author argues that the social processes involved in schools' efforts to rid themselves of troublemakers may be one important but largely unacknowledged mechanism through which schools perpetuate the racial and class stratification of the larger society. Moreover, the disciplinary strategies that remove juveniles from school may have undesirable effects, because expelling or suspending troublemakers puts them on the street with nothing to do. On the other hand, there is some encouraging evidence that early intervention (e.g., preschool elementary school enrichment programs) can have positive benefits on school achievement and hence ameliorate later-life delinquency. Educational strategies that appear promising include individualized instruction, rewards that are attainable and clearly contingent on effort and proficiency, a goal-oriented work and learning emphasis, small school population, lower student-adult ratio, caring and competent teachers, and supportive administrators. 2 tables, 18 notes, and 47 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): School discipline; School dropouts; School influences on crime; School maladjustment
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