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NCJ Number: 184935 Find in a Library
Title: Evaluation of Oleoresin Capsicum (O.C.) Use by Law Enforcement Agencies: Impact on Injuries to Officers and Suspects, Summary of Research Findings
Author(s): J. Michael Bowling Ph.D.; Monica Gaines MBMA
Date Published: 2000
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Grant Number: 97-LB-VT-K018
Publication Number: 7-9205-NC-IJ
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Survey
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study collected retrospective data describing injuries to police officers from assaults and injuries to suspects from police use of oleoresin capsicum (OC) spray in North Carolina.
Abstract: Study sites involved the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Department and the Winston Salem Police Department, as well as the North Carolina State Highway Patrol. The study goal was to assess the impact of equipping police officers in the field with OC spray on the number of injuries to police officers and suspects resulting from police use of force. Suspect injury data were available from the two police departments. While a drop in the number of injured police officers in Charlotte-Mecklenburg appeared to coincide with the implementation of OC spray, statistical tests did not confirm that the implementation of OC spray was associated with a decline the number of injured police officers. Likewise, OC spray could not be confirmed as contributing to a decline in the monthly count of injured police officers in Winston Salem. The implementation of OC spray by the North Carolina State Highway Patrol was marked by a significant decline in the monthly count of injured patrol officers. Between 1975 and 1998, 94 excessive use of force complaints were filed against patrol officers, but complaints dropped sharply in 1993 coinciding with the issuance of OC spray to patrol officers. 6 figures
Main Term(s): Police safety
Index Term(s): Complaints against police; Injury investigations; Lawful use of force; Less lethal technologies; Municipal police; NIJ grant-related documents; North Carolina; Oleoresin Capsicum (OC)/Pepper Spray; Police equipment; Police research; State highway patrol agencies
Note: See NCJ-184934 for the final activity report.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=184935

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