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NCJ Number: 185079 Find in a Library
Title: Influence of Post-event Narratives, Line-up Conditions and Individual Differences on False Identification by Young and Older Eyewitnesses
Journal: Legal and Criminological Psychology  Volume:5  Issue:2  Dated:September 2000  Pages:219-235
Author(s): Jean Searcy; James C. Bartlett; Amina Memon
Date Published: September 2000
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: National Science Foundation
Arlington, VA 22230
Grant Number: SBR 9515231;
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This article examines factors involved in adults' false recognitions on line-up tasks.
Abstract: Older individuals have been found to exceed young adults in false recognitions on line-up tasks. To explore factors involved in this deficit, a study compared effects of post-event information and sequential line-up presentation on false identification by young and elderly adults. Ninety-eight community-dwelling older adults (ages 57-83) and 97 college students (ages 19-33) saw a videotape of a simulated crime, then heard an auditory narrative. Some heard a review of the events of the crime (including some misinformation) and others heard a control narrative that was unrelated to the video. Participants recalled the crime and then saw either a simultaneous or sequential target-absent line-up. Sequential line-ups reduced false identification rates for young and elderly adults. Hearing a relevant post-event narrative increased false identifications, but only in the older group. For the elderly, high verbal recall of the perpetrator's characteristics was also associated with higher false identification rates. Results suggest that reducing post-crime exposure to crime-relevant information, combined with sequential line-ups, can substantially reduce false identification by older witnesses. They also indicate the need to explore further the influence of post-event information, sequential line-up presentation, availability, and self-confidence upon older eyewitnesses. Tables, notes, references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Competency to testify; Crime prevention measures; Eyewitness memory; Eyewitness testimony; Line-up; Studies; Suspect identification; Witness credibility; Witnesses
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