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NCJ Number: 185097 Find in a Library
Title: Influence of Locus of Control and Custody Level on Intake and Prison-Adjustment Depression
Journal: Criminal Justice and Behavior  Volume:27  Issue:5  Dated:October 2000  Pages:625-644
Author(s): Lorraine R. Reitzel; Beverly L. Harju
Date Published: October 2000
Page Count: 20
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examines the influence of locus of control and custody level of intake on initial and later depressive symptoms of 325 male prisoners.
Abstract: The study examined differences in initial and later depressive symptoms of 325 male prisoners based on three levels of custody and four levels of locus of control. Significant differences emerged for groups of prisoners with high internal and external locus of control orientations. The highly internal group was the least depressed at both testings. High externals showed a significant increase in reported depression after a period of adjustment to prison and were the only group with a significant reactive depression. There were no differences in depressive severity based on level of custody or its interaction with control orientation. Depression scores that were initially at either extreme declined so that later, adjustment depression scores fell in the mild and moderate range. The article recommends a general measure of locus of control given at intake to identify prior to imprisonment inmates at risk of subsequently developing depressive disorders. Prisoners at risk can be noted for mental health services or placed in a group designed to help with the transition to prison and to improve problem solving and coping skills. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Corrections
Index Term(s): Adjustment to prison; Diagnostic and reception processing; Effects of imprisonment; Incarceration; Mental health services; Offender mental health services; Personality assessment; Prisonization; Psychological evaluation
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