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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 185163 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Balanced and Restorative Justice in Pennsylvania: A New Mission and Changing Roles Within the Juvenile Justice System
Corporate Author: Pennsylvania Juvenile Court Judges Commission
United States of America
Date Published: March 1997
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Pennsylvania Juvenile Court Judges Commission
Harrisburg, PA 17106-2425
Sale Source: Pennsylvania Juvenile Court Judges Commission
601 Commonwealth Ave, Suite 9100
P.O. Box 62425
Harrisburg, PA 17106-2425
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Principles upon which the juvenile justice system in Pennsylvania is based have their origin in a 1988 publication on a balanced approach to juvenile probation; these principles are increasingly being seen as providing the conceptual framework for the fundamental reform of State and local juvenile justice systems.
Abstract: The new purpose clause in Pennsylvania's Juvenile Act is premised on the concepts that clients of the juvenile justice system should include the victim, the community, and the offender and that each should receive "balanced attention" and gain tangible benefits from their interactions with the juvenile justice system. These concepts also require that the juvenile justice system address goals regarding community protection, offender accountability, and the development of competencies in each case and that system balance be sought through the allocation of resources necessary to achieve the goals associated with each client. The idea of a balanced approach to juvenile justice is based on restorative versus retributive justice. While retributive justice responds to crime as an act against the government, restorative justice gives priority to repairing the harm done to victims and communities and defines offender accountability in terms of assuming responsibility and taking action to repair harm. Provisions of Pennsylvania's Juvenile Act delineate a new mission for the juvenile justice system that focuses on community protection, accountability, competency development, individualization, and balance. The juvenile justice system is examined in relation to the changing roles of judges, juvenile justice system professionals, crime victims, communities, and juvenile offenders. 10 references and 1 table
Main Term(s): State juvenile justice systems
Index Term(s): Juvenile justice reform; Juvenile offenders; Pennsylvania; State juvenile laws; Victim-offender relationships; Victims rights
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