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NCJ Number: 185206 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Substance Use Rates Among American Indian Adolescents: Regional Comparisons with Monitoring the Future High School Seniors
Journal: Journal of Drug Issues  Volume:30  Issue:3  Dated:Summer 2000  Pages:575-591
Author(s): Mark Plunkett; Christina M. Mitchell
Date Published: 2000
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20892-9304
Grant Number: AA08474;DA10039;
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study compares substance use rates for American Indian (AI) and non-AI adolescents and examines rates within geographic regions.
Abstract: The study used data from the Voices of Indian Teens and Monitoring the Future projects. Lifetime substance use among AI youth was significantly higher than for non-AI youth for only marijuana and cocaine; non-AI youth had significantly higher use rates of inhalants and cigarettes. AI youth were significantly higher than non-AI youth for the 30-day use of marijuana, cocaine, stimulants, alcohol, and barbiturates. However, analysis of the geographic regions revealed different patterns of substance abuse, with AI youth significantly higher on more lifetime substance abuse items in one region and non-AI youth significantly higher in another. AI youth were significantly higher on only three substances when region was controlled. In summary, AI teens’ substance use was often not very different from that of non-AI teens. The highest rates of involvement appeared to occur in places where racial or ethnic minorities lived in circumscribed, impoverished areas such as ghettos, barrios and AI reservations. Research that explores socioeconomic status, stress and access to substances are logical next steps. Tables, note, appendix, references
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): American Indians; Comparative analysis; Controlled Substances; Economic influences; Juvenile drug use; Minorities; Socioeconomic causes of delinquency; Statistics; Underage Drinking
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