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NCJ Number: 185361 Find in a Library
Title: Effectiveness of Primary School Drug Education
Journal: Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy  Volume:7  Issue:2  Dated:May 2000  Pages:109-126
Author(s): Charlie Lloyd; Ruth Joyce; Jane Hurry; Mike Ashton
Date Published: May 2000
Page Count: 18
Type: Program/Project Description
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This article evaluates the effectiveness of primary school drug education.
Abstract: Early use of drugs such as tobacco and alcohol, associated with later drug misuse, and the age of initiation into drug use is falling in the U.K. and elsewhere. Arguably, educational interventions must start in the primary school in order to maximize any preventive impact, yet such education is underdeveloped and poorly researched. This article reviews the (mainly U.S.) literature on the effectiveness of school-based educational interventions targeted at children below 11 years of age with the objective of preventing illicit drug use. The major British study suggested that a broad-based, life-skills program could help prevent drug use. Other British studies have demonstrated the feasibility of implementing drug education in the primary school and some have recorded improvements in variables thought to relate to later drug use/problems. Outside the U.K., studies of two popular approaches (DARE and Life Education Centers) have been generally inconclusive or disappointing. However, evidence suggests that long-term, intensive programs, especially those involving parents and the wider community and using interactive teaching styles, can have a lasting and worthwhile impact on later drug use. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Controlled Substances
Index Term(s): Community involvement; Drug prevention programs; Educational courses; Family support; Juvenile drug use; Juveniles; Program evaluation; Project DARE; Tobacco use; United Kingdom (UK)
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