skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 185513 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Dynamics of the Drug-Crime Relationship
Author(s): Helene R. White; D. M. Gorman
Date Published: 2000
Page Count: 68
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Literature Review
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter explores changes and continuities in the drug-crime relationship during the past several decades.
Abstract: First, it discusses the relationship in a historical context, as it highlights changes in U.S. Federal policy. Next, it examines the key methodological issues involved in empirically understanding the drug-crime connection. This section identifies inconsistencies in definitions and measurement of key variables and discusses the advantages and limitations of alternative sampling frames. The authors then trace trends in drug use and crime over time by using national and city-level data sets. These data show that trends vary by city and that there is no uniform association between any type of drug use and any type of crime. The chapter then presents general theoretical models of the drug-crime connection, including theories that drug use causes crime, that crime leads to drug use, and that both drug use and crime are caused by the same factors. Next, the chapter reviews the empirical research that supports and refutes these explanatory models. The review concludes that one single model cannot account for the drug-crime relationship. Rather, the drug using, crime committing population is heterogeneous, and there are multiple paths that lead to drug use and crime. The chapter concludes with a discussion of policy options and implications for the next century. 3 exhibits and 237 references
Main Term(s): Drug Related Crime
Index Term(s): Drug abuse causes; Drug law offenses; Drug offenders
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.