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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 185533 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Community Policing in America: Changing the Nature, Structure, and Function of the Police
Author(s): Jack R. Greene
Date Published: 2000
Page Count: 72
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Literature Review
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This essay reviews the rise of community-oriented and problem-oriented policing as major vehicles to improve the effectiveness of police efforts in communities and as means of reforming police organizations.
Abstract: The author considers the historical development of various models of policing, as it examines the assumptions embedded in each of these often-competing emphases. The essay goes on to review extant research on the impacts of community policing on communities, police organizations, police work, and police officers. Findings from various studies suggest that community and problem-oriented policing have had modest impacts on community crime but larger impacts on the quality of interaction between the police and the public. In addition, extant research suggests that police organizations are slowly adopting the philosophy and practices of community and problem-oriented policing and have shown some change in police structure and service delivery. Changes associated with problem solving within police agencies are less evident in the research literature. More often than not, the police are using traditional approaches to respond to problems identified in community settings. Finally, the research literature suggests that police officers' concept of their roles and their attachment to police work are improving with the adoption of community and problem-oriented policing roles. Police job satisfaction is also seen as increasing for officers associated with community policing efforts. The essay concludes with a consideration of the forces that are continuing to shape American policing and the need to address the largest obstacle identified in opposition to community-oriented and problem-oriented policing, namely, the police bureaucracy. 2 exhibits and 137 references
Main Term(s): Community policing
Index Term(s): Police community relations programs; Police effectiveness; Police responsibilities; Police work attitudes; Problem-Oriented Policing
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