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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 185677 Find in a Library
Title: Criminal Justice in the United States, Second Edition
Author(s): Dean J. Champion
Date Published: 1998
Page Count: 539
Sponsoring Agency: Nelson-Hall Publishers
Chicago, IL 60606
Publication Number: ISBN 0-8304-1485-1
Sale Source: Nelson-Hall Publishers
111 North Canal Street
Chicago, IL 60606
United States of America
Type: Overview Text
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This textbook explains the sources and functions of law and the components, goals, roles, and operations of the criminal justice system and the juvenile justice system.
Abstract: The text aims to acquaint undergraduate students with the police, courts, and corrections and to help them understand those components. It also aims to help them prepare for subsequent courses in criminal justice education programs. The first chapter explains the origins of current laws, the meaning and functions of law, the definition of crime and criminal responsibility, crime measurement, crime patterns, offender characteristics, and emerging issues in criminal justice. Subsequent chapters explain the organization of the criminal justice system, goals of the criminal justice system, the United States Supreme Court interpretation of selected rights, rules of criminal procedure, defenses for criminal conduct, and criminal law reforms. Additional chapters discuss the forms, functions, and history of law enforcement; police operations and procedures; the structure and process of court organization; pretrial procedures, juries and trial procedures, and the sentencing process. Further chapters discuss the forms and functions of correctional institutions; corrections operations and issues; probation, parole, and intermediate sanctions. The final chapter discusses juvenile delinquency, juvenile status offenses, the juvenile justice system, differences between juvenile and criminal courts, juvenile corrections, the legal rights of minors, and current issues in juvenile justice. Figures, tables, photographs, lists of main terms for each chapter, chapter review questions, lists of suggested readings, glossary, list of cases cited, author index, subject index, and approximately 800 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Case processing; Corrections agencies; Corrections policies; Cost analysis; Court system; Juvenile processing; Police agencies; Police policies and procedures; Police responsibilities
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