skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 185701 Find in a Library
Title: Type I and Type II Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Sexually Abused Children
Journal: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse  Volume:9  Issue:1  Dated:2000  Pages:65-90
Author(s): Caroline Tremblay; Martine Hebert; Christiane Piche
Date Published: 2000
Page Count: 26
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examines two measures of posttraumatic stress disorder in sexually abused children.
Abstract: Three groups of 50 children aged between 7 and 12 participated in the study: a sexual abuse (SA) group, an orthopedic sample and a group of children from the community. Abused children exhibited more posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) type I and type II symptoms than children in the other groups at initial evaluation (just after the incident of abuse) and 6 months later. A change in the course of symptoms for three variables was observed for the three groups. Adjustment difficulties tended to persist between the two assessments for SA victims. These data support the idea that PTSD symptomatology is more prevalent in SA victims in comparison to children confronted with other stressors. The revised model used in this study allows a description of symptoms associated with stressful situations (with PTSD type I) and also provides a more global understanding of reactions related to sexual abuse experiences (with PTSD type II effects). The study emphasizes the importance of addressing PTSD type II effects such as anxiety and depression, aggressiveness, dissociation and avoidant coping strategies since they could have deleterious effects on children's development and eventually be incorporated into their personality styles. Table, figures, notes, references
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Child Sexual Abuse; Cohort studies; Crimes against children; Personality assessment; Post-trauma stress disorder (PTSD); Sexual assault trauma; Stress management; Treatment; Victims of Crime
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.