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NCJ Number: 185720 Find in a Library
Title: Effects of the Cannabis Expiation Notice System on the Prevalence of Cannabis Use in South Australia: Evidence from the National Drug Strategy Household Surveys 1985-95
Journal: Drug and Alcohol Review  Volume:19  Issue:3  Dated:September 2000  Pages:265-269
Author(s): Neil Donnelly; Wayne Hall; Paul Christie
Date Published: September 2000
Page Count: 5
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: This study sought to determine the impact of a civil sanction called the Cannabis Expiation Notice (CEN) scheme on the prevalence of lifetime and weekly marijuana use in South Australia.
Abstract: The research used data from five National Drug Strategy Household Surveys conducted between 1985 and 1995 to test for differences in trends in (1) self-reported lifetime marijuana use and (2) self-reported current weekly marijuana use, after controlling for age and gender, between South Australia and the other States and territories. Results revealed that rates of lifetime marijuana use increased in South Australia from 26 percent in 1985 to 36 percent in 1995. Significant increases also occurred in Victoria (from 26 percent to 32 percent), Tasmania (from 21 percent to 33 percent), and New South Wales (from 26 percent to 33 percent). The increase in South Australia was significantly greater than the average increase throughout the rest of Australia. Findings suggested that the differences between South Australia and the rest of Australia in increases in marijuana use were probably not due to the CEN system. The reasons for this conclusion were that similar increases occurred in Tasmania and Victoria, where no change occurred in the legal status of marijuana use, and weekly use of marijuana did not change in South Australia during the same period. Thus, findings provided no indication that the CEN system increased levels of regular marijuana use. Tables and 15 references
Main Term(s): Drug abuse in foreign countries
Index Term(s): Crime specific law reform; Decriminalization; Fines; Foreign laws; Legislative impact; Marijuana; South Australia
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