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NCJ Number: 185739 Find in a Library
Title: Police Brutality or Police Torture
Journal: Policing  Volume:23  Issue:3  Dated:2000  Pages:374-380
Author(s): Budimir Babovic
Editor(s): Lawrence F. Travis III
Date Published: 2000
Page Count: 7
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: The issue of police brutality appears to be a recurring topic of discussion and research related to policing, particularly in the United States and the United Kingdom.
Abstract: Many criteria have been used by police scientists to identify various types of police brutality as a specific form of police misconduct: unnecessary violence, unjustified use of force, use of excessive force, excessive use of force, and physical or verbal brutality. In an analysis of differences between police brutality and police torture, both brutality and torture are viewed as cruel and violent behavior, although police officers have the authority to be brutal since they have the right to use force in some circumstances. Police torture is a distinctive category of police brutality and is committed when police use force to achieve a task or a design, most frequently to extort confessions or to induce compliance. Police torture is practiced on persons in police custody or under police control. Torture in general and police torture as an act belong to the category of international crimes, and making a distinction between police brutality and police torture is necessary because they differ from each other in their sources and motivations. Reasons for police brutality are discussed, along with the need for police accountability and oversight. 7 references and 2 notes
Main Term(s): Police Brutality
Index Term(s): Foreign police; Lawful use of force; Police misconduct; Police policies and procedures; Police professionalism; Torture; United Kingdom (UK); United States of America
Note: Amended version of lecture given to the International Conference Police in Transition, 1999, Budapest, Hungary.
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