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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 185805 Find in a Library
Title: Defining Correctional Programs
Journal: Forum on Corrections Research  Volume:12  Issue:2  Dated:May 2000  Pages:5-9
Author(s): James McGuire
Date Published: May 2000
Page Count: 5
Document: HTML|PDF
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: This article examines what correctional staff and researchers mean when they talk about a program.
Abstract: In its first, strictest terms, a correctional program is a planned sequence of learning opportunities delivered to adjudicated offenders with the general objective of reducing their subsequent criminal recidivism. In corrections, the word program is also used in a second, broader, and more flexible sense that includes mentoring schemes for young offenders and therapeutic communities for substance-abusing offenders. A potential third definition of "program" is an intervention containing six separate but overlapping groups: incapacitation; deterrence; rehabilitation; community restraints; structure, discipline, and challenge; and combining rehabilitation and restraint. The article discusses varieties of offender programs, target population, safeguarding integrity, accreditation process, and program implementation and delivery. Dimensions of variation in programs include: theoretical model, treatment targets, dosage, criminal justice setting, sentencing context, specificity, and program portfolios. Notes
Main Term(s): Corrections
Index Term(s): Canada; Corrections in foreign countries; Deterrence; Program evaluation; Recidivism; Rehabilitation; Sentencing/Sanctions; Treatment effectiveness; Treatment techniques; Treatment/Therapeutic Community
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