skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 185811 Find in a Library
Title: Reconceptualizing Offender Employment
Journal: Forum on Corrections Research  Volume:12  Issue:2  Dated:May 2000  Pages:32-35
Author(s): Christa A. Gillis
Date Published: May 2000
Page Count: 4
Document: HTML|PDF
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: This article describes current offender employment measurement techniques and proposes modified measurement strategies.
Abstract: Even though employment is an important rehabilitative tool, little is known about the factors and processes that contribute to employment stability among offenders. Recent meta-analyses provide empirical verification of employment as a moderate risk factor for recidivism among offenders. This finding emphasizes the importance of enhanced understanding of the employment construct in order to provide effective assessment and to assist in reducing this need through appropriately directed intervention strategies. The article describes a theoretical framework for the exploration of community employment stability, and provides recommendations regarding directions for future employment intervention with offenders. The article explores how to assess employment needs, discusses employment as treatment, and describes a theoretical model to assist in predicting employment stability. The model adopts a social learning/social cognition perspective and incorporates the risk factors most predictive of recidivism. Notes
Main Term(s): Corrections
Index Term(s): Canada; Corrections in foreign countries; Employment; Employment-crime relationships; Ex-offender employment; Intervention; Models; Recidivism; Rehabilitation
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.