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NCJ Number: 185925 Find in a Library
Title: Psychotherapy and Reports of Early Sexual Trauma: A Conceptual Framework for Understanding Memory Errors (From Truth in Memory, P 90-106, 1998, Steven Jay Lynn and Kevin M. McConkey, eds.)
Author(s): Michael R. Nash
Date Published: 1998
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: Guilford Publications, Inc.
New York, NY 10012
Sale Source: Guilford Publications, Inc.
Marketing Manager
72 Spring Street
New York, NY 10012
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Book (Hardbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article presents a conceptual framework for understanding memory errors.
Abstract: The article briefly reviews the theoretical and empirical foundations that argue respectively for the existence of false positives ("pseudomemory") and false negatives ("repression"). It delineates the reasons why clinical efficacy cannot be relied on to rule out either type of error. Finally, it presents summaries of two successful therapies, one illustrating an example of an almost certain instance of a false-positive error and the other a fairly certain instance of a false-negative error. The article concludes that memories do not literally return in pristine form, unsullied by contemporary factors like suggestion, transference, values, social context, and fantasies elaborated at the time of and subsequent to the event. False positives can and do occur. The field must acknowledge the reality of both types of inferential errors concerning self-report of early traumatic false positives and false negatives. Figure, note, references
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Behavioral science research; Forensic psychology; Psychological manipulation; Psychological theories; Psychology; Self-report studies; Testimony; Victims of Crime; Witness credibility
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