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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 185986 Find in a Library
Title: Responding to the Community: Principles for Planning and Creating a Community Court, Updated February 2001
Series: BJA Bulletins
Author(s): John Feinblatt; Greg Berman
Corporate Author: Center for Court Innovation
United States of America
Date Published: February 2001
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Assistance
Washington, DC 20531
Bureau of Justice Assistance Clearinghouse
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Center for Court Innovation
New York, NY 10018
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Grant Number: 96-DD-BX-0090
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Bureau of Justice Assistance Clearinghouse
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF|Text
Type: Program/Project Description
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Using the Midtown Community Court (MCC) in New York City as a case study, this bulletin presents a set of common principles for community courts.
Abstract: The MCC's location, architecture, and technology are part of a larger strategy to honor the concept of community by making justice restorative. Offenders are sentenced to make restitution to the community through work projects in the neighborhood, which may involve caring for trees, removing graffiti, cleaning subway stations, and sorting cans and bottles for recycling. At the same time, the court uses its legal leverage to link offenders with drug treatment, health care, education, and other social services. Nearly 75 percent of offenders processed through the court complete their community service sentences as mandated, which is the highest rate in the city. The MCC's planning team pursued six goals they considered to be at the core of community justice: restoring the community, bridging the gap between communities and courts, knitting together a fractured criminal justice system, helping offenders deal with problems that lead to crime, providing the courts with better information, and building a courthouse that fosters these ambitions. This paper explains the importance of each of these principles to the creation of an effective community court. This paper also identifies obstacles to the creation of a community court and offers practical advice on applying what has worked in the MCC experiment. 20 references
Main Term(s): Municipal courts
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Community service programs; Community-based corrections (adult); Community-based corrections (juvenile); Court reform; New York
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