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NCJ Number: 186009 Find in a Library
Title: Between Prison and Probation: Toward a Comprehensive Punishment System (From Criminal Justice System: Politics and Policies, Seventh Edition, P 407-419, 1998, George F. Cole and Marc G. Gertz, eds. -- See NCJ-185991)
Author(s): Norval Morris; Michael Tonry
Date Published: 1998
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: Wadsworth Publishing Co
Belmont, CA 94002
Sale Source: Wadsworth Publishing Co
Ten Davis Drive
Belmont, CA 94002
United States of America
Type: Collected Work
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: In the context of record-high incarceration rates and overwhelming probation caseloads, the authors support the use of intermediate sanctions in the community to punish offenders who do not require the restrictions of prisons and offenders who require more restrictions than those imposed by probation.
Abstract: More than 1 million Americans aged 18 years and older are in prisons and jails, and more than 1.5 million are on parole or probation. These numbers have highlighted the need for intermediate sanctions for offenders who are now in prisons and jails and for offenders who are sentenced to probation or suspended sentences. Intermediate sanctions should be rigorously enforced and breaches of conditions of intermediate sanctions should be taken seriously by supervising authorities and sentencing judges. Intermediate sanctions include fines, community service orders, and intensive probation. The authors discuss the over-use of imprisonment and probation, the under-use of intermediate sanctions, and sentencing reform through intermediate sanctions.
Main Term(s): Corrections
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Community service order; Community service programs; Community-based corrections (adult); Fines; Incarceration; Intensive probation; Intensive supervision programs; Intermediate sanctions; Probation; Punishment; Sentencing reform
Note: Norval Morris and Michael Tonry, Between Prison and Probation (New York: Oxford University Press, 1990), pp. 9-33.
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