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NCJ Number: 186185 Find in a Library
Title: Policing on American Indian Reservations
Journal: National Institute of Justice Journal  Dated:January 2001  Pages:2-7
Series: NIJ Journal
Author(s): Stewart Wakeling; Miriam Jorgensen; Susan Michaelson
Date Published: January 2001
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Grant Number: 95-IJ-CX-0086
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examines how the unique context of Indian Country affects law enforcement policies and practices.
Abstract: Crime is increasing dramatically in Indian Country, but little is known about how such factors as culture, geography, and economy affect law enforcement policies and practices. The superficial description of Indian Country law enforcement shows a rural environment with rural-style policing, but these communities have a "government-to-government" relationship with the United States. While members of different tribes vary widely, most Indian nations face severe social and economic problems. The study was conducted by the Program in Criminal Justice Policy and Management and the Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development. It began with a literature review and visits to several Indian police departments and the Indian Police Academy in New Mexico. It included a two-part survey distributed to Indian police departments and intensive site visits to four reservations. The study concluded that there is a crisis in reservation policing, including: (1) high turnover and poor employee morale resulting in a lack of well-qualified and experienced officers; (2) flawed basic departmental management; (3) inadequate budgets, fiscal mismanagement, and even corruption; and (4) undue political interference in police operations. Suggested remedies for these problems include increased tribal control over tribal institutions, demotion of Federal agencies from decision makers to advisors and providers of technical assistance, and creation of workable, nation-specific community policing institutions and approaches informed by traditional customs. Notes
Main Term(s): Police
Index Term(s): American Indians; Community policing; Cultural influences; Indian affairs; Minority police; NIJ grant-related documents; Political influences; Race relations; Reservation law enforcement; Tribal community relations; Tribal history
Note: The full report on policing on American Indian reservations is forthcoming in spring 2001 from the National Institute of Justice.
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