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NCJ Number: 186196 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Separating and Estimating the Effects of the Federal Sentencing Guidelines and the Federal Mandatory "Minimums": Isolating the Sources of Racial Disparity
Author(s): Paula M. Kautt
Date Published: January 2000
Page Count: 611
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
Grant Number: 1999-IJ-CX-0054
Sale Source: UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Dissertation/Thesis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examines the separate impacts of Federal sentencing guidelines and Federal mandatory minimum statutes in reducing sentencing disparity, particularly disparity due to extralegal factors such as the race of the offender.
Abstract: The research strategy entailed the partitioning and analysis of the 1992 U.S. Sentencing Commission's sentencing data, first by specific offense type and then by specific mandatory minimum statute. The intent of this design was to determine whether or not there are differences in the sentences meted out under mandatory minimum statutes compared to guideline statutes. Findings support the two hypotheses that the significant predictors of imprisonment will vary significantly by offense type and specific statute. Findings also support the hypothesis that defendant race is a significant predictor of sentence length but not of incarceration in the general offense model. The hypothesis that race and other extralegal factors would be stronger predictors of sentence outcomes in mandatory-minimum than in guideline cases, however, was refuted by the findings. Partial support was found for the hypothesis that predicted the effect of race would be greater for mandatory minimum drug offenses than for other mandatory minimums. Extensive tabular data and 200 references
Main Term(s): Court procedures
Index Term(s): Federal sentencing guidelines; Funding guidelines; Mandatory Sentencing; Minority overrepresentation; NIJ final report; Racial discrimination; Sentencing disparity; Sentencing factors
Note: See NCJ-186195 for the summary report.
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