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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 186413     Find in a Library
  Title: Is the Segregation of HIV-Positive Inmates Ethical?
  Author(s): Penny A. Robinette ; Billy Long
  Journal: Prison Journal  Volume:79  Issue:1  Dated:March 1999  Pages:101 to 118
  Date Published: 03/1999
  Page Count: 18
  Annotation: This article presents pro and con arguments regarding whether the segregation of HIV-positive inmates is ethical.
  Abstract: The argument for the segregation of HIV-positive inmates maintains that testing and segregation are the safest and most beneficial options for resolving the issue of HIV and AIDS in State and Federal prisons. It reasons that prison inmates are much more likely to participate in risky behaviors than the general public. It is therefore in the best interest of the general population to test each inmate, segregate all HIV-positive inmates, and use the average of 2.5 to 3 years of time served to educate and counsel the inmates about their disease and how it affects them and the community. Currently, the Federal courts have remained supportive of prison officials' expertise in resolving issues related to communicable diseases. The argument against the segregation of HIV-positive inmates is that it is not necessary to achieve the desired result, i.e., low seroconversion in prison. Rather, resources should be used to educate inmates regarding HIV disease and its modes of transmission, as well as provide inmates with the appropriate barrier protection, such as condoms and information on the cleaning of needles used in intravenous drug injection. This is considered to be a far more effective way of dealing with the spread of HIV than to resort to "cruel and demoralizing policies that isolate inmates simply because they carry a virus." The two authors provide rejoinders to one another's arguments. 13 references
  Main Term(s): Corrections policies
  Index Term(s): Professional conduct and ethics ; Inmate segregation ; AIDS/HIV in correctional facilities ; AIDS/HIV prevention ; AIDS/HIV transmission ; Rights of AIDS patients ; AIDS/HIV related discrimination ; AIDS/HIV testing policies
  Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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