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NCJ Number: 186496 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Effect of Casino Gambling on Crime in New Casino Jurisdictions
Journal: Journal of Crime and Justice  Volume:23  Issue:1  Dated:2000  Pages:1-23
Author(s): B. Grant Stitt; David Giacopassi; Mark Nichols
Editor(s): J. Mitchell Miller
Date Published: 2000
Page Count: 23
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 98-IJ-CX-0037
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Crime was analyzed in seven new casino jurisdictions (Sioux City, Iowa; Biloxi, Mississippi; Alton and Peoria, Illinois; and St. Louis City and St. Louis County and St. Joseph, Missouri) to determine if crime rates increased after casino gambling was legalized.
Abstract: To be included in the study, local law enforcement agencies had to make available data for Part I and Part II crimes dating back at least 4 years before casinos opened in their jurisdictions. Crime-specific rates were calculated using both community population and population at risk variables. Results indicated a lack of consistency in general crime trends and in crime-specific analyses. Using crime rates based on the population at risk, three communities had more crimes that significantly increased than decreased, three other communities had more crimes that significantly decreased than increased, and one community had few significant changes in either direction. When the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test for Paired Differences was calculated for crimes in all seven jurisdictions, few significant differences were found comparing pre- and post-casino crime. Although the conclusions are tentative, it appears the effect of casino gambling on jurisdictions is variable and may depend on local conditions not easily generalizable from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. 26 references, 1 endnote, and 5 tables
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Casino gambling; Crime rate studies; Gambling related crimes; Illinois; Iowa; Mississippi; Missouri; NIJ grant-related documents
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
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