skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 186572 Find in a Library
Title: Preventing, Detecting and Investigating Fraud and Corruption: Lessons from the NSW Experience (From Fraud Prevention and Control, P 1-13, 2000, Australian Institute of Criminology -- See NCJ-186569)
Author(s): Peter Gifford
Date Published: January 29, 2001
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: Australian Institute of Criminology
Canberra ACT, 2601, Australia
Sale Source: Australian Institute of Criminology
GPO Box 2944
Canberra ACT, 2601,
Document: HTML
Type: Program/Project Description
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: This paper describes how the Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) in New South Wales (Australia) has acted to prevent, detect, and investigate fraud and corruption in the public sector of that State.
Abstract: The ICAC was established by statute in 1988 and began operating in March 1989. Its creation was a reaction to a significant decline in the public sector's credibility. The ICAC has been mandated to expose and minimize the incidence of corrupt conduct in the New South Wales public sector. The ICAC uses three tools to achieve its objectives: investigation, which aims to expose the facts in cases of suspected public-sector corruption; corruption prevention, which involves scrutinizing public-sector systems to determine whether they have a propensity to permit or encourage corrupt conduct; and education, which involves educating public employees and the community in general about what is involved in the ethical performance of public-sector jobs. In its research efforts, the ICAC has identified the following categories of corruption risk factors: opportunity, cultural acceptance, little fear of detection, and lack of leadership and support. This paper describes specific measures that have been undertaken to achieve cultural change that promotes ethical public service; efforts in the development of codes of conduct; legislation to enhance the reporting of public corruption; the prevention of corruption in procurement processes; and the benefits of good governance for business, the government, and the community.
Main Term(s): Foreign crime prevention
Index Term(s): Corruption of public officials; Fraud; Fraud and abuse prevention measures; Fraud investigations; Government contract fraud; Investigative techniques; New South Wales
Note: Paper presented at the Fraud Prevention and Control Conference convened by the Australian Institute of Criminology on August 24-25, 2000.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.