skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 186657 Find in a Library
Title: Methadone Clients, Crime, and Substance Use
Journal: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology  Volume:44  Issue:6  Dated:December 2000  Pages:667-680
Author(s): Susan Patterson; Jeremy Davey; C. J. Lennings
Editor(s): Adrienne Palermo R.N.
Date Published: December 2000
Page Count: 14
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article attempts to identify the scope, frequency, and types of criminal behavior of a selected sample of respondents in methadone maintenance (MM) programs; the nature of the continued substance use of MM clients; and the relationships between possible predictor variables and the degree and type of criminality among MM clients.
Abstract: This article examines self-reported criminal activity in a sample of 86 methadone maintained opioid addicts. Of those sampled, 52 percent reported some criminal offending, with drug-related and property crimes accounting for the majority of the offending. One quarter of the females in the sample were involved in prostitution. Of all the demographic factors used in this study, only gender discriminated between the sample in terms of level of offending, with females reporting the highest crime rates. Heroin use and crime measures were also associated with persistent criminality related to the continued use of heroin. An analysis of the heroin use and criminality association found that only female gender predicted both increased rates of heroin use and increased rates of criminality. Implications of this finding are discussed. References
Main Term(s): Methadone maintenance
Index Term(s): Crime Statistics; Drug Related Crime; Drug treatment programs; Heroin maintenance; Methadone
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.