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NCJ Number: 186747 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Pulse Check: Trends in Drug Abuse, Mid-Year 2000
Corporate Author: Johnson, Bassin, and Shaw, (JBS) Inc
United States of America
Editor(s): Anne M. Pritchett
Date Published: March 2001
Page Count: 74
Sponsoring Agency: Drug Policy Information Clearinghouse
Rockville, MD 20849
Johnson, Bassin, and Shaw, (JBS) Inc
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3803
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Contract Number: 282-98-0011
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Drug Policy Information Clearinghouse
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Survey
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Drug abuse trends are examined, based on telephone discussions with 74 sources between September and October 2000.
Abstract: Data obtained from a variety of sources throughout the United States indicate an emerging club drug scene continues to grow. In some cities, heroin has increased in supply and purity levels and the number of users has also increased. The number of young people starting to use heroin has increased, usually via snorting. Some adolescents are reportedly shifting from snorting to injecting, however, as the primary route of administration. The availability of crack and powder cocaine appears to be stable, with only a few isolated changes reported in user groups. While epidemiological and ethnographic sources report few signs of crack initiation, treatment sources in 10 cities throughout the United States report increases in novice use of crack. Street-level crack and powder cocaine sellers usually use their own drug and are often involved in violence. The availability of marijuana appears to be stable, and users span a wide range of age, race, gender, socioeconomic, and residence groups. Adolescent marijuana users often outnumber young adult users, sellers are primarily adolescents and young adults, and sellers are seldom involved in violence. The availability of methamphetamines has increased in several areas, particularly in the western part of the United States. Laboratory seizures have increased, often due to targeted law enforcement efforts. While the methamphetamine scene is generally a rural phenomenon, it has started spreading to some suburban and inner city areas. The availability of club drugs has increased dramatically throughout the United States, especially for ecstasy. Ketamine availability is also increasing in most cities, whereas gamma-hydroxybutyrate and flunitrazepam is concentrated in the southern and western parts of the country. Club drug users and sellers tend to be young, white, middle-class males and females who use or sell the drugs in combination with other drugs, such as hallucinogens, cocaine, heroin, marijuana, methamphetamine, and prescription drugs. Club drug activity generally occurs in suburban areas, although ecstasy activity is moving to urban areas as well. Ecstasy user and seller groups are also expanding to include more blacks and Hispanics. Trends in the abuse of prescription drugs such as OxyContin and Viagra are also examined. Appendixes contain information on methods used in the trend analysis and on data sources. 54 exhibits
Main Term(s): Drug abuse
Index Term(s): Amphetamines; Cocaine; Crack; Designer drugs; Drug statistics; Drug use; Heroin; Juvenile drug abusers; Juvenile drug use; Marijuana; Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP); Trend analysis; United States of America
Note: DCC
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