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NCJ Number: 186753 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Validity of Juvenile Arrestees' Drug Use Reporting: A Gender Comparison
Journal: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency  Volume:37  Issue:4  Dated:November 2000  Pages:419-432
Author(s): Julia Yun Soo Kim M.A.; Michael Fendrich Ph.D.; Joseph S. Wislar M.S.
Editor(s): Mercer L. Sullivan
Date Published: 2000
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: R01DA09286
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This exploratory study examined gender differences in the validity of drug use reporting among juvenile arrestees using a gender-matched sample of 6,377 juveniles drawn from the Drug Use Forecasting Program between 1992 and 1996.
Abstract: Self-reported marijuana and crack and/or cocaine use was compared to urinalysis results to test gender differences in the accuracy of disclosure. Among urine positives, girls were more willing than boys to disclose past month and lifetime marijuana use. Gender was not a significant main effect for cocaine use reporting but interacted with race/ethnicity and family structure in predicting valid disclosure. Hispanic girls were significantly more likely than Hispanic boys to under-report recent cocaine use. Among arrestees from homes with one or no parents, girls were significantly more likely than boys to disclose recent cocaine use. The authors conclude that the evaluation of gender differences in juvenile drug use depends on the statistics employed for assessing validity and that the effect of gender on drug use reporting is correlated with other demographic characteristics. 22 references, 1 note, and 5 tables
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): Cocaine; Crack; Demographic analysis of crime; Drug research; Drug Use Forecasting system; Gender issues; Hispanic Americans; Juvenile delinquent demographic data; Juvenile drug abusers; Male female juvenile offender comparisons; Marijuana; Minority juvenile offenders; Self-report studies; Urinalysis
Note: Portions of article presented at the meeting of the American Society of Criminology, 1998, Washington, D.C.
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