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NCJ Number: 191355 Find in a Library
Title: Guns, Violent Crime, and Suicide in 21 Countries
Journal: Canadian Journal of Criminology  Volume:43  Issue:4  Dated:October 2001  Pages:429-448
Author(s): Martin Killias; John van Kesteren; Martin Rindlisbacher
Date Published: October 2001
Page Count: 20
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: This research is based on data on gun availability in private households collected through the international victimization surveys of 1989, 1992, and 1996, as well as World Health Organization data on homicide and suicide from 21 countries.
Abstract: This research updates and extends former research conducted on this issue, based on the surveys of 1989 and 1992. In addition, data from the International Crime Victimization Surveys were used on total and gun-related robbery and assault (including threats). The results show strong correlations between the presence of guns in the home and suicide committed with a gun, rates of gun-related homicide that involved female victims, and gun-related assault. The profile is different for male homicides, total rates of assault, and generally, for robbery (committed with or without a gun). With the exception of robbery, most correlations were similar or stronger when all types of guns were considered, rather than handguns alone. No significant correlations with total suicide or homicide rates were found, leaving open the issue of possible substitution effects. The study concluded that guns in the home were an important risk factor in suicide with guns, as well as a threat to women, especially female partners; whereas, guns' role in homicide of male victims and street crime (such as robbery) were much less prominent. Also, the usual focus on handguns may lead to underestimates of the role of other types of guns. 3 tables, 2 notes, and 30 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Citizen gun ownership; Citizen gun use; Cross-cultural analyses; Handguns; Homicide; Suicide; Suicide prevention; Violent crimes
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